Browser Tab Overload

I’m addicted to browser tabs. Right now on my work computer I have 50 tabs open and that’s after I closed the unimportant ones. I have a fairly large screen but with this many tabs open I can’t even see the tab titles anymore. I usually just forget about what’s there until some point in the future when I end up deleting a bunch of them just so I can see which tab my email’s on.

Computer With Multiple Tabs

Of course, every tab is important to me. Each one is a blog post I want to read or a tutorial I just don’t have time to go through yet. I’ve tried bookmarking pages instead but without something in front of me I usually just forget that I have things bookmarked. Of course I usually just forget that I have things tabbed too.

One thing that sort of works, sometimes, is to organize my bookmarks into logical folders and then show those folders on my bookmarks bar. But then my bookmarks bar gets too long and a lot of the folders get hidden and I end up forgetting about them anyway.

My work computer has a solid state hard drive, a 3.4 GHz i7 processor and 32 GB of ram. It has no problem holding 40+ tabs open in Chrome along with running five to ten other programs I regularly use. My problem is just being able to see what the tabs hold so I can read them later.

At home, however, I have a different problem. My home computer is a 7 year old laptop with a core 2 duo and only 3GB of ram running Windows 10. But I still have my tab addiction. Unfortunately, I’ve hooked my wife on tabs too. Now two of us want to bounce from site to site and keep everything we’ve seen open. Arrggghhh, there’s too much interesting stuff on the internet!

My home laptop slows to a crawl if I use Chrome with more than about four tabs open. And good luck having any other programs open at the same time. The best solution would probably be to just close tabs or at least bookmark them and hope to someday remember to look at the bookmarks. But no, I found a way to force my ancient computer to keep my tabs up without crashing.

I loaded the Chrome extension called The Great Suspender. It suspends (surprise, surprise) tabs that haven’t been focused for more than a set amount of time. When you click on a suspended tab it reloads and away you go. This way I can keep lots of tabs open without affecting my system’s performance.

Yes, it’s a band aid for a problem that should be fixed by bookmarking or something. Of course, now that I think about it, when I have a screen full of tabs open I usually forget to go back and look at them anyway. My parents used to tell me that if I couldn’t remember something, it probably wasn’t that important anyway. And if most of the things my tabs hold aren’t that important, maybe I shouldn’t keep them around in the first place.

I need to get out more.

Time to Start Thinking of Gardens

It’s that time of year again. The time when I wait too long to plant my cool weather garden. I then wait too long to plant my warmer garden. All of that comes after I’ve already forgotten to amend the soil properly for the particular plants I want to grow. But hey, every year’s a new year. Even though I should have already sown my first round of carrots, radishes, lettuce and peas, I can still get them in a little late. And there’s always Fall and early Winter.


My biggest goal this year is to get a harvest of winter squash off the vine and onto my plate. Last year’s crop was absolutely decimated by squash bugs. I had amazing plants with beautiful leaves but I let the squash bugs get established. They destroyed everything. It’s hard to see vibrant plants start to put out fruit only to see everything killed by little vine-boring punks.

I’m determined that this year will be different. I plan on putting in fewer plants and defending them to the death against the insidious squash but. There are lots of great ideas in books and on the internet of ways to kill or deter them organically (the only way I grow food plants). One can try Castile soap sprays, diatomaceous earth, row covers, traps, companion plants, oils and others. I’m willing to try them all. The ultimate, of course, would be to design a garden defense system that uses computer vision and laser beams to blast bugs. I might need to put a little more thought into that one.

I love Kabocha, Acorn, Delicata and Spaghetti squash. I’d love them even more if they came from my garden rather than the store’s shelves. With a little care and attention, along with a healthy dose of bug violence, I might be able to make it happen this year. Now I just have to go put it all on the calendar so I don’t forget to actually do it.

5 Ways to Comment Your JSON

Comments aren’t part of the official JSON specification. According to an old (2012) Google Plus post by Douglas Crockford, he removed them to preserve interoperability.  But that same post suggests you can still use comments  so long as you remove them through minification before parsing.

There are a few other ways to handle JSON comments besides minification:

  1. You can add a new data element to your object. The element key would be named  “_comment_” or something similar. The value would be the actual comment. This method is slightly intriguing but feels kind of dirty. It looks like a hack. It is a hack! bulk is also added to the network payload. JSON is a lightweight data exchange. Adding comment elements takes away from this.
  2. Use Scripts that programmatically remove comments from your JSON before it’s parsed. Sindre Sorhus published a comment stripping module which does just that. This is similar to Crockord’s method of minification in that it removes the comments before parsing but you can inline it in your code rather than use it during a build process.
  3. You can forget comments in your JSON entirely. Put comments in the code where you make the data request in the first place. You should already know what kind of returned data is expected so comments would make sense here. You can stay in your code without the need to view a separate file. This makes your code easier to understand.
  4. Finally, if JSON is being used as a configuration file or some other static data store, you might even try commenting it in a separate file. Put a text README in the same directory the configuration file is stored. The README could contain a paragraph describing the data or you could copy the JSON into the README and use inline comments.

There are several ways to take care of the problem of commenting JSON files. All have their strengths and weaknesses. The best method depends on your particular situation and needs.

Keeping My House From Burning

Late last year my family and I moved to a two story, 1970’s era house on 1 1/2 acres of land. Since then I’ve been thinking about retrofitting the house with Ethernet cable to most rooms. This is just one of many projects I have planned to update the house and add a few “smart home” features to make management of it and the property easier.

But before I can move on to the fun stuff (or the Ethernet cabling which I don’t consider much fun) there are a few projects that have to be finished out of necessity. I undertook one of them last weekend in the hopes of preventing the house from burning down. Let me explain.

A couple of months ago we finished up a project converting the garage into livable space. In the process of the renovation we discovered that the existing 30 amp dryer circuit was wired using aluminum wire. This wasn’t necessarily a bad thing since the wire was sized right but our building inspector wanted to see a four prong dryer outlet which meant running a new four wire cable.

So my electrician pulled the breaker and put in a new circuit. That problem was solved but now, all of a sudden, my irrigation pump wasn’t getting power. We started poking around and discovered that someone, years ago, had simply continued the dryer circuit from the laundry room, through the wall and out to the pump.

This was a major problem for two reasons:

1. The spliced-in wire going to the pump was only 12 gauge which is only big enough for a 20 amp circuit.
2. The splice combined copper and aluminum wires under the same screw.

The smaller gauge wire basically caused it to act as a giant fuse that, technically, could have burned up. Almost all of it was in conduit, however, so it probably wouldn’t have caused much damage. But it was still a problem.

The bigger issue to me was the mixing of copper and aluminum wire. That combination can lead to a chemical reaction called electrolysis which can cause oxidation, which increases the resistance of the wire dramatically leading to excessive heat build-up and potentially causing a fire.

None of this was of immediate concern since the circuit was dead and the dryer was on its own now. But I needed my irrigation pump back on so I could:

1. Keep my landscape from dying.
2. Put in an automatic irrigation system and potentially add wifi connectivity so I can turn my sprinklers on from Fiji – just in case I need to.

Thankfully my irrigation pump only needed a 20 amp circuit so the 12 gauge wire could stay. I also wanted to reuse the existing aluminum wire since it wouldn’t cost anything to keep it and it was already run through the house. All I really needed to do was take care of the aluminum to copper problem. There is a special connector called Alumicon but my aluminum wiring was too big (8 gauge) for it.

I opted for tin-plated aluminum splicing blocks which are approved for both copper and aluminum wire. The copper wire goes in one side of the block and gets screwed down while the aluminum wire goes in the other side and gets secured. The two metals never touch! Wrapped with some rubber splicing tape they actually look pretty good.

Now I can water my grass, not worry about my house burning down (at least for one reason) and start thinking about my next, hopefully more fun, project. Not a bad weekend.

Please Update Old ESRI JavaScript API Samples

I’m confused – why does ESRI insist on keeping JavaScript API samples written in a legacy (non-AMD) module require style? I can understand keeping the legacy code in the API reference since a lot of developers probably wrote a lot of code using it. But current sample code should reflect current programming styles. And yes, the samples I’m talking about are the current ones.

ESRI Javascript API screenshot

Somebody actually goes in and updates the CDN reference to the current JavaScript API. Would it be that difficult to convert the requires to an AMD wrapper and change a few module references? Just a thought.

Building a Stubborn Driver: An Ubuntu Adventure

I was confused, frustrated and defeated. My back was on fire and I could barely feel my legs. If there had been a bed within range I would have crawled in, closed my eyes and tried to forget the last five hours I had sat trying to build Linux drivers for my son’s new USB wireless adapter. It didn’t work. Nothing was working!

Wireless Adapter
Now I’m no Linux expert but I can usually figure out how to make the OS do what I need it to do. In this case it should have been simple – just make and install the source files and maybe change some setting on another file. But things went wrong from the beginning.
It was Saturday and I anticipated getting the project done fairly quickly. I had actually tried to get the WiFi working the day before but I was trying to do it without a wired connection to help out. I had just installed Ubuntu 14.04.03 and I really didn’t think I would have any trouble.

The open source drivers that come with Ubuntu take care of most of the hardware I want to use. But this particular wireless adapter was a plug-in USB with a proprietary driver that had to be compiled by hand. The adapter came with one of those mini-cds. It had three folders with drivers for Linux, Windows and Macs.

The windows and mac folders had exactly one file that you can click on to load the driver. I’ve used this adapter on a windows box and it works really well. All you have to do to get it working is double-click the executable and away you go. On Linux you have to build the driver from source code. So we’ve gone from one .exe file to about 450 files that you have to figure out how to put together and get to work. OK, but this is Linux. That’s what you expect from an open source OS.

But even building drivers shouldn’t be that difficult if you know basic Linux commands, how to traverse directories, edit files and use Make. Still, with such a large user and contributor base (for Ubuntu) you would think someone would have made the process for this driver a little clearer. Here are the build instructions that came with the adapter:

Build Instructions:  

1> $tar -xvzf DPB_RT2870_Linux_STA_x.x.x.x.tgz
    go to "./DPB_RT2870_Linux_STA_x.x.x.x" directory.
2> In Makefile
	 set the "MODE = STA" in Makefile and chose the TARGET to Linux by set "TARGET = LINUX"
	 define the linux kernel source include file path LINUX_SRC
	 modify to meet your need.

3> In os/linux/ 
	define the GCC and LD of the target machine
	define the compiler flags CFLAGS
	modify to meet your need.
	** Build for being controlled by NetworkManager or wpa_supplicant wext functions
	   => #>cd wpa_supplicant-x.x
	   => #>./wpa_supplicant -Dwext -ira0 -c wpa_supplicant.conf -d
	** Build for being controlled by WpaSupplicant with Ralink Driver
	   => #>cd wpa_supplicant-0.5.7
	   => #>./wpa_supplicant -Dralink -ira0 -c wpa_supplicant.conf -d

4> $make
	# compile driver source code
	# To fix "error: too few arguments to function ¡¥iwe_stream_add_event"
	  => $patch -i os/linux/sta_ioctl.c.patch os/linux/sta_ioctl.c

5> $cp RT2870STA.dat  /etc/Wireless/RT2870STA/RT2870STA.dat
6> load driver, go to "os/linux/" directory.
    #[kernel 2.4]
    #    $/sbin/insmod rt2870sta.o
    #    $/sbin/ifconfig ra0 inet YOUR_IP up
    #[kernel 2.6]
    #    $/sbin/insmod rt2870sta.ko
    #    $/sbin/ifconfig ra0 inet YOUR_IP up

7> unload driver    
    $/sbin/ifconfig ra0 down
	$/sbin/rmmod rt2870sta

I started by simply trying to make the driver according to the instructions above. But the process kept showing an error and acting like it couldn’t find certain files that should have either been included or created when the make command was run. So I went searching “How to compile RT2870STA driver”. There were a lot of sites giving basic instructions about how to build the driver and it seemed like it should work fine. What I didn’t notice were the dates of most of these articles. They were pre 2010.

I finally came across a newer post that explained this driver was built with an earlier Linux kernel in mind (2.x). In the 3.x kernel, some functions that are referenced by my driver source files were re-named! Then I finally did what I should have done from the very beginning: I got specific. I searched “How to compile RT2870STA on Linux 3.19 kernel”. This seemed like a god idea at the time. In fact, it yielded a great blog post that provided a patch that supposedly would fix the discrepancy in the driver files. But for the life of me, I couldn’t even get that to run.
It was at that point I became too frustrated and defeated to continue. My entire day had been wasted. My kids were complaining that they hadn’t seen me all day. My wife was giving me that concerned “Oh dear, he’s trying to do smart people things again” look. Even my dog seemed annoyed at me that I had spent more time typing “make install” than I had spent throwing her ball.

So I gave up and took a few days away from my little project and did some other tasks that were just slightly easier for me like taking out the garbage. Then, Saturday morning I thought why not give it one more try? So I searched “How to compile RT2870STA on Ubuntu 14.04.03”. It was like magic! The very first result was a post on that explained everything in a few simple steps. It seems there were two functions that had been renamed in newer builds of Ubuntu. I had to edit a file in one of the driver folders and change the names of a couple functions. I then ran Make again and voila, my adapter was up and running.

Looking back I realize I’ve learned (and re-learned) a lot about working with Linux. I now have much better terminal skills. I understand driver compilation processes better and how they interact with the kernel. I also reinforced my belief that an Ethernet connection to the internet is always superior to wireless, although inconvenient.

Are Linkedin Background Photos Worth the Trouble?

With Linkedin allowing background photos for your profile you now have one more way to express yourself creatively on the platform. But Linkedin isn’t Facebook. It’s a professional network and is typically understood to have professionally presented profiles. Having a clean, flat layout with a simple blue and grayscale color scheme has helped keep Linkedin profiles in line with that strategy.

Before background photos the worst offense a user could do visually was insert Homer Simpson as their profile picture. Now we are given the power to screw up a much larger portion of our profile’s real estate.

Is it worth possibly reducing the professional look of your profile just to “express” yourself on one more social channel? Or is it worth the time and effort it will take to produce an image that will still project the professionalism that a plain background already does? The answer to both of these questions is – probably not. I doubt that a connection, employer or recruiter will give a second thought to your profile header not having some sort of graphic behind it. A good head shot as your profile picture will, however, still be expected.

But that doesn’t mean that you absolutely shouldn’t use a background photo. If an image is well thought-out and conveys important information upfront to someone viewing your profile, it could be very worthwhile. Putting in a picture of balloons, sunsets or your dog will probably only serve to distract viewers. However, a picture of you speaking at an event gives the impression that you’re an expert in your field and have experience with public speaking. Likewise, a picture of a map might strengthen the profile of a cartographer or GIS professional.

When someone views your profile, your title and profile picture are usually the first things they see. As we all know, first impressions can make a real impact. If you can influence that first impression positively, then the extra profile eye-candy could be an asset.

I’m still on the fence about whether to put a background photo on my own Linkedin profile page. At this point in time I think Linkedin background photos are a bit of a risk for both Linkedin and its users. While profile customization can make your page look nice, it also runs the risk of making it look like a wannabe Facebook page. That’s not in keeping with the feel of Linkedin. If you do decide to add a background photo, keep it simple and above all, relevant to the rest of your profile.

C is for Crash

There are those moments when you realize that certain sports just aren’t worth it. I spotted this encouraging sign in a pile of old junk while hiking a local ski resort in the off season. It does encourage me not to crash but mostly by convincing me not to take up skiing.

Cookie Monster with Broken Arm


I wonder how long it took for someone to realize that instilling terror in your patrons isn’t a good marketing ploy.


Tourist Pine to Fly Drones in Antarctica? Weird!


The International Association of Antarctica Tour Operators is cautioning all potential travelers to Antarctica who pine to fly a drone to check with their travel agent or tour operator before packing their device.  – The Washington Times

Tourists are pining to fly drones in Antarctica? What kind of tourist pines to fly drones in Antarctica? The bigger question is who uses the word pining anymore?

Is IE on its Last Legs?

Internet Explorer logo

Tidings of a new browser coming from Microsoft have some wondering whether IE is on its last legs. The sad news is that there are still so many old versions (7, 8 and 9)  sitting on millions of computers, and their users don’t know any better. So even if Spartan, or its children, eventually displace Internet Explorer, front-end developers will be playing patty cake with old versions for years to come.

It’s interesting that Microsoft is coming out with a brand new browser when IE11 has so many improvements and seems much less maligned than its older versions. Makes me think maybe this is just the start of a rebranding effort.


Further Reading: